Last week, the WTO identified nine countries at high risk of plague outbreak by virtue of having trade and travel links to Madagascar. These priority Indian Ocean countries are Comoros, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles but also include African mainland countries like Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, and Tanzania!
Black rats and their fleas are the main animal carriers of plague in Madagascar, where the small mammals often live in the straw roofs of people’s houses.
The most common form of the disease is usually the bubonic plague, which cannot be transmitted from human to human. However, in this outbreak the majority of victims, 67%, have been infected with the deadliest pneumonic form of the disease, which can be transmitted by respiratory droplets from coughing.
Common antibiotics are efficient to cure plague if delivered very early, but the disease progresses rapidly and can kill within 24 hours! It has a alarming and dangerous case-fatality ratio of between 30% and 100%.
Sputnik / AA Magnum Analyst Blog News Site 2017.