Jovenel Moise has been sworn in as the new Haitian president in Port-au-Prince, in an attempt to cure the political turmoil that had created a power vacuum in the impoverished Caribbean country.

Moise is a 48-year-old Banana exporter who has never held political office before. However he was the former president’s, Micheal Martelly’s hand-picked choice to lead the poorest country in the Americas.

Haiti was the first country to abolish slavery during the midst of the French Revolution in 1804, but had to pay a high price for that move, as the only country to have defeated three European colonial superpowers, Spain, France and Britain.

Haiti became the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean. Haiti is also the only nation in the world, established as a result of a succesful slave revolt. The rebellion began in 1791 and was led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Napoleon Army. More than 50.000 soldiers died in an attempt to retake the colony, including 18 generals.

Since December 1914, U.S. Marines invaded Haiti, in order to take control over the government in Port-au-Prince and declared martial law. The financial institutions, such as Haitian National Bank were confiscated to restore and protect American interests, while the press was severely censored. An estimated 15.000 Haitians lost their lives since the American intervention, until the U.S. forces left in 1934.

After the independence, the sugar plantations were boycotted by sanctions pushed upon by Imperialists, during a combination swap deal with the southern French-speaking states in America. As a result, the country burned its forests down to the ground in order to sell the burned product as charcoal on the market to survive the ordeal.

Since than the country eroded, together with its people. After two smashing earthquakes in 2010, a cholera epidemic broke out and the world community collected ‘charity’ money for the stricken nation. However the NGO’s sucked the country dry, and all the funds disappeared into the pockets of those holding the collections.

In 2008, four different hurricanes destroyed the country, while in 2016 another hurricane struck the Hispaniola peninsula, causing catastrophic flooding and a storm surge up to 10 feet.

In February 2016, Haiti’s parliament elected Jocelerme Privert to be interim president. Moise was declared winner of the election in January 2017, with 55% of the votes. The turn out of voters was just 21%. In most nations, such a low turn out is unconstitutional and would lead to re-elections.

Haiti is suffering from multiple political crisis and economic woes. The new president is at the center of an unresolved money laundering probe, but he denies any wrongdoing. The country is still struggling to recover from the world’s most significant cholera outbreak, with an estimated 30.000 cases expected this year.

Wikipedia / AA Magnum News 2017


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