For the second year in a row, the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo has been the epicenter of the worst conflict displacement crisis in the world. The Congo government hires foreign mercenaries to kill protesters. And almost nobody is talking about it?
“It’s a mega-crisis. The scale of people fleeing violence is off the charts, outpacing Syria, Yemen and Iraq,” said Ulrika Blom, the Congo director for the Norwegian Refugee Council. Communities in DR Congo are being double pounded — by brutal conflict and a worsening political crisis.”
According to the United Nations, 1.7 million Congo residents have been forced to flee their homes in 2017 — a rate of about 5,500 a day. This brings the number of displaced up to 4.1 million in total, with another 7 million at risk of famine. Congolese men and women are raped and beheaded in an ongoing insurgency.
Congo was the site of the Great African War, the bloodiest armed conflict since World War II. The war ended after five years of fighting between 1998 and 2003 that left an estimated 5.4 million dead, under supervision of the former Belgium colonization, and Congo has remained unstable ever since.
Insurgent and rebel groups continue to resist the Kinshasa government. Arguably the most visible insurrection is the Kamwina Nsapu rebellion, which resulted from Kinshasa’s refusal to formally recognize their chief. The situation has been further worsened by President Joseph Kabila’s refusal to cede power at the end of his second term as stipulated by the Belgium built Congolese democratic constitution. Kabila has led the country since 2001, but his government has met with limited success in defeating the numerous militant groups that continue to battle Kinshasa.
“Donor fatigue, geopolitical disinterest and competing crises have pushed DR Congo far down the list of priorities for the international community. This deadly trend is at the expense of millions of Congolese. If we fail to step up now, mass hunger will spread and people will die. We are in a race against time,” said Blom.
It isn’t just the Congo, although the country is the site of the worst displacement. In the first half of 2017, 2.7 million Africans were displaced, the NRC says, about 1 million of whom come from Congo. The rest mostly came from the Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Sudan and South Sudan. There are 12.6 million displaced people in the whole of Africa.
Africa is well-known for its mineral riches, like diamonds, gold, uranium, but also oil puts the continent in great danger as Western powers are sabotaging central governments and extracting their goods to make huge profits, turning Africa into a hell-hole.
Sputnik / AA Magnum Analyst Blog News Site 2017.