NATO member Turkey has opened its largest military base abroad in Mogadishu, Somalia. Turkey has agreed to train troops from other African countries, that are helping to occupy Somalia.
Somalia has been the victim of armed conflicts for about two decades. The American forces left the strategically situated country in 1993, after its special Delta Force soldiers were being dragged through the streets by Somali citizens.
Somalia is located along one of the world’s most important shipping lanes, that leads through the Red Sea into the Suez Canal. The important oil shipping lane must guarantee the supply of Saudi oil to Europe.
Long time dictator, Siad Barre was forced out of Mogadishu in 1991. In the aftermath, 300.000 Somalis die of starvation. In 1992, the UNSC approves a UN operation in Somalia. U.S. president Bush orders 25.000 US troops into Somalia.
In 1994, US president Clinton orders the remaining US forces to leave Somalia, while 20.000 African and Asian UN forces are left behind to contaminate the situation. In 1995, the UN troops also withdraw from Somalia.
Since that time Somalia has been a haven for armed conflicts. The Somali pirates episode was one of them. Now that China is building a military naval base in Djibouti, the location and domination of Somalia has become important source again.
Al Jazeera / AA Magnum News 2017.